He suffered nightmares and flashbacks, he became fearful, agitated and angry. The job was also outsourced to an unregulated private company in Eastbourne – Airline Security Consultants Ltd (ASC) – who were effectively expected to police themselves. ( Log Out /  An independent autopsy ordered by Myrna found that Joy had died as a result of oxygen starvation – in line with all the others. Cemetery of Uniforms and Liveries (2016) depicts Brandon Groce (grandson of Cherry Groce, whose shooting by police in 1985 sparked the Brixton riots) and Graeme Burke (son of Joy Gardner, who died of injuries sustained as UK immigration officers bound and gagged her to deport her to Jamaica, in 1993). Phillip Suits – Senior Designer. The Police Complaints Commission investigation file remains a secret. London's Metropolitan Police were reportedly on a state of … Leaving behind her son Graeme Burke and her mother Myrna Simpson now deceased. Joy Gardner was a mature student. She called for the medical staff to come forward and for an independent inquiry. However, within just a month, Joseph wrote to the Home Office again and asked to withdraw the request in because the marriage had ended and they were separated. The family enlisted the help of Jane Coker, an immigration lawyer, who put it simply: “…in terms of when she died, it was clearly the actions of the police that caused her [Joy] to die, and whether that happened at the flat, the next day, or three days later, is not really relevant.”. They sat on her body, they bound her hands to her side with a leather belt and manacles, they strapped her legs together and wound yards of surgical tape round her head. 'one stop campaigning news, resources & information', all credits – Heather Mills Mitchell James Burke-Holdway. Following in her mother’s footsteps, Joy came over to the UK in July 1987 on a six-month visa, with the hope of following her dream to become a journalist and applied to undertake a journalism course at the Guildhall. Needless to say, others were far more unsympathetic, with Teresa Gorman giving the ultimate victim-blaming comment: “If she had gone quietly, none of this would have happened.”, Not content with victim-blaming, she also dished up a huge slice of stereotypical, rash, ignorant judgement too on BBC tv, by stating that Joy had been…, “…bumming on the social services for five years.”. ... Graeme, was born in Britain. Joy Gardner – President. I would send money and visit her every year. Dunnville Abbott, Jeff Adams, Michelle Adams, Taylor Airth, Rennie Alender, Katie Allison, Will Archer, Ursula Arlidge, M. J. Armstrong, K. L. She en­tered the coun­try legally using a six-month vis­i­tor's visa, but over­stayed when the visa elapsed.She was preg­nant at the time of her ar­rival, and sub­se­quently gave birth to a son. ... My name is Maudie Ann Burke Gardner, I am the daughter of Charles and Tillie Joy Burke, I am relative to the Trundles, Sappington, and Hammonds, Ellis's McGrady's and the Burke's. It was early morning when five men and women burst into 5-year-old Graeme Burke’s home. Those within the legal profession questioned this course of action. In September 1990, Joy married Joseph Gardner, a British citizen. Myrna drew parallels between the belt with it’s chains to the shackles and treatment of slaves. Wearing a uniform does not give you carte blanche to take someone’s life, nor does it make you superior. 15th February 1999, Death in police custody of Joy Gardner They sat on her body, bound her hands to her sides, and wound 13 feet of surgical tape around he hear, as her young son listened from the next room. Graeme Burke is the son of Joy Gardner, the 40-year-old Jamaican woman who died when police officers came to deport her. Her mother, Myrna Simpson, emigrated to the United Kingdom from Jamaica – then still a British colony – in 1961, with the intention of sending for her child once she had achieved some financial stability, a common and accepted practice at the time. Any news updates on this case are listed at the foot of this item. He felt that to pick just the three officers involved and hold them accountable rather than all authorities was unjust. I am a part of the Windrush generation. Bennet claimed that the MPF approached Sir Paul Condon to ask for his support for the three officers involved, but that Condon declined. Most of us have seen the 9mins of footage of George Floyd slowly being asphyxiated to death at the hands of the police in America, and we’ve seen the world rise up and say enough is enough. The police were accused of ‘stalling’ and Myrna questioned what justice could be gained when the police were effectively investigating themselves. On Wednesday, 28 July 1993, police and immigration officers went to my daughter Joy Gardner’s at in Hornsey, London and broke down the door. That was until George Floyd’s death. Now he and his grandmother want justice. for tape. I have been looking for my family roots … hope after years of despair 13 feet of tape and bound her The authorities arrived at Joy’s home (they claimed) at 7.40am. There has always been controversy about the actual date of Joy’s death. I hope the next generation can achieve more than my generation has, but right now we have a duty to ensure our children understand, learn and accept. My first vote was in this country, and here is where I made my home and family. It was because of the subsequent BLM movement that I discovered the story of Joy Gardner and decided to cover the story. Mrs Simpson and Graeme never speak about his mother’s death. Joy landed face down and was then turned onto her back. The immigration officer involved never faced any sort of disciplinary hearing or questioning and the department never offered any explanation. He had received two almost identical letters from the Home Office (dated 26th and 27th July 1993) in regards to Joy’s case. Bennet accused Condon of doing so on the advice of someone further up the chain of command in the Home Office. It was people power that finally saw the dismantling of the statue of slave trader Edward Colston that was pulled down by protesters and thrown into the river. Joy’s mother, Myrna Simpson, and her son, Graeme Burke, have never stopped fighting for justice. I just keep asking why? The results of their separate post mortem was not made public. In November 1993 Chris Wardle released the six-page report which confirmed that the government was banning the use of tape and gags. Myrna continues the story…. She initially left her children with her mother in Jamaica until she earned enough money to bring her daughter over. Copyright © 2020 4WardEverUK | Managed by First Stop Design / Family Web Pages Collective. The MPF felt that the use of the equipment was the greatest issue and that those who KNEW that it was a regular occurrence should also have been taking some responsibility. Soon after, he took out two injunctions stopping her from going near his home, apparently quoting the reason as domestic abuse. We try to blank it out.”  In the weeks and months after his mother’s death, Graeme re-enacted the disturbing events. Chris Wardle stated that the government placed it’s faith in ASC “on the strength of its track record and experience.”  The truth was, up until 1989, ASC was a firm exporting medical equipment, not human beings. Under Britain’s immigration laws, however, Gardner was considered to be an ‘illegal immigrant’. Not colour, just the human being in front of them. In Sep­tem­ber 1990 she mar­ried Briton Joh… Matthew John Curlett. My name is Maudie Ann Burke Gardner, I am the daughter of Charles and Tillie Joy Burke, I am relative to the Trundles, Sappington, and Hammonds, Ellis's McGrady's and the Burke's. The star's agent confirmed his death in a statement earlier today by saying: 'It is with great sadness that we announce Tim’s death early today from COVID-19.' Some of their names are fairly widely known - Joy Gardner in 1993, Sean Rigg in 2008, Habib (Paps) Ullah in (2008), Jimmy Mubenga in 2010 and Mark Duggan in 2011. This is progress and it’s important progress. They stated: “A disciplinary charge of authority would in substance be the same as the criminal charge of which the officers have been acquitted…, “an officer cannot be tried on both criminal and discipline charges for the same offence.”. Elizabeth ended up at Whittington Hospital – just as Joy did before her – reportedly unconscious. When the police burst into their flat in Hornsey, north London in July 1993 he was five years old. Reasons for this were explained by the Home Office Minister later on. During the trial the judge, Mr Justice Mantell, instructed the jury to return a ‘not guilty’ verdict against Burrell as he was satisfied that Burrell had played no part in applying the gag to Joy. They were acquitted after telling a jury that Joy Gardner was the most violent woman they had ever dealt with and that the treatment she received was standard practice. The Home Office announced that it would undertake an internal inquiry on procedures for deportation, headed by a senior immigration official. Well, I say, how many white women have they done that to?” she says. (Benjamin Zephaniah), Joy Gardner’s family sues police 1 August 2018, The death of Joy Gardner Nellie Sterling, 61, had often looked after Joy Gardner’s son, Graeme. The family awaited a public coroner’s inquest for answers to some of their questions but it was never undertaken. (The decision to prosecute was actually made by the CPS following the APC’s own inquiry.) Any reasonable opportunity he had to notify her of the decision, make plans or inform her young son – was taken away. The lack of oxygen was secondary to the head injury. With Joy now bound and gagged on the floor, one ADG officer remained at her side but within minutes it became apparent to him that Joy was in some sort of distress, so he called in a colleague. death was cerebral hypoxia, most likely caused by asphyxiation as a result of the gag in her mouth. In December 1993, he then announced that a committee was being set up to hear complaints about the Immigration Service and ‘audit’ the way the department operated. This is the first national resource of its kind for families affected by custody deaths in the United Kingdom. George Floyd was a human being and nobody had no right to take his life. You can quote me on that.”. They focused on the specific methods of restraint used by the police on Joy but reportedly did not inquire into the specific role of the Immigration Officer involved in the case. The head of the Metropolitan Police Federation (MPF), Mike Bennet, complained that the officers should never have been charged and the decision to do so was ‘political’ due to the fact that Bernie Grant MP had become involved. ( Log Out /  This was proved just 10 months after Joy’s death, when an outraged Jeremy Corbyn MP called for answers after Elizabeth Blanchard, 37, had allegedly been cuffed and gagged in May 1994 whilst being transferred from an Oxford detention centre to Banbury police station. why?”. In total, four different pathologists examined Joy’s body and agreed that the cause of death was cerebral hypoxia, most likely caused by asphyxiation as a result of the gag in her mouth. They went in and took her out of her bed, where she had been sleeping with her five-and-half-year-old son, Graeme. Tributes are pouring in for The Goodies funny man Tim Brooke-Taylor who sadly passed away at the age of 79. Despite years of counselling and treatment from the children’s trauma clinic at the Royal Free Hospital in London, he is still suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. The first stated: The Secretary of State has reconsidered the case in light of your representations but is not prepared to rescind the deportation order or allow Mrs Gardner to remain any longer. The report was not released to the public or members of Joy’s family under ‘public interest immunity.’ The lay-person who supervised the PCA investigation, announced that he was considering “making a special report” to the Home Secretary claiming he had discovered matters of a “grave and exceptional nature“. ), Despite the fact that Joy had her arms handcuffed to the body belt, and that. Gardner had been born in Jamaica, but had come to Britain six years earlier. You would not do that to your dog.”, Mrs Simpson goes on to say “Paul Condon said it was not about race. Three police officers from the Alien Deportation Group were tried for manslaughter. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Joy became extremely agitated, removed her T-shirt and began to shout that she would rather kill herself than go back to Jamaica. Joy’s sister, Claudia, was adamant that the authorities purposely covered up that Joy’s death happened at the flat to prevent a public uproar. This request was refused by the Home Office on the basis that it considered the PCA to be impartial, efficient and thorough in itself. It was very apparent that the court and the newspapers were strangely quiet on the subject of the Home Office procedures and the role played by immigration officials, despite the Immigration Service being the one that enforces a deportation order, with police in attendance solely so that they may force entry. Following the birth of her son, Joy applied to the Home Office for an extension to her visa, but this was denied. The matter has been quietly swept under the carpet…. How UK taxpayers can avoid falling into the child benefit trap. Despite 19,000 people dying on his boats, Bristol STILL had a memorial standing ‘proud’ in the city. DS Evans had been on loan from the Diplomatic Protection Squad and was tasked with taking care of Graeme. Joy remained in hospital for four days but her condition continued to deteriorate – her liver and kidneys failed and she also went into cardiac arrest. Whitby admitted that he may have been mistaken when stating in his original report that Joy had managed to move her hands up to her mouth and remove the first roll of tape. There has never been any independent inquiry into Joy’s death. Just one month after Joy’s death, another woman from the same area was deported at the hands of ASC personnel. The official version of events are subject to different opinions and accounts, but Amnesty International seems to hold the most comprehensive account based on court testimonies and so I have used that, along with reports during the trial and a documentary on Channel 4, to build the picture step by step. Tories' London mayoral candidate criticised for comments that 'attack working class families'. She moved to Kingston to pursue her dreams but she got pregnant with her eldest daughter, Lisa. Can you imagine how terrifying it must have been for a 5 year old to see his mother like that, the woman he loved and looked to for everything. Graeme was born in London and now lives in Tottenham.’ This information is doubly important given that the subjects themselves don’t have a voice in which to identify themselves in these two silent films. Certain elements of the press took the same line. When interviewed by The Observer in August 1993, he said: “I don’t hate Bernie Grant because he is black. They kept in close and regular contact. Joy Gardner and her heart resumed beating at, Joy reached hospital and was immediately connected to a ventilator. An interview with Greg Burke ... And the other is of: ‘Graeme the son of Joy Gardner. One of the local officers in attendance that day, PC Brian Adamson (LO2), described Joy as ‘the most violent female prisoner’ he had encountered in his 12 year career, and this was echoed across the front pages of the tabloids. Olivia Volf – Administrator Design Assistant. Paula Lannas, a forensic pathologist, testified on behalf of the defence, stating: “There were bruises on the scalp that indicates the head had struck a hard surface. Bernie Grant and Amnesty International did their best to elevate the family’s cause but Joy’s death never received the response and publicity it deserved. I long for the day that people can look at another person and see just that – a person. Wardle defended the decison as ‘standard practice’ stating that the letters were sent to coincide with the raid to prevent any further appeals and so raids could be undertaken without warning. I Bastian's 24 research works with 586 citations and 930 reads, including: Donovanosis ? The police came armed with specially designed restraining belts, made of thick leather, with a buckle at the back and two manacles at the front to pinion the arms. Home Office minister, Chris Wardle, and the Home Office came under fire by some in the media and MPs over the delay in sending notification letters, which effectively undermined the rights of the person concerned to seek review or recourse. And then they killed her…. Once the trial had ended, the Police Complaints Authority (PCA) announced that no disciplinary procedures would be taken against any of the officers involved due to the court acquittals, arguing that one effectively cancelled out the other. Mrs Simpson and other families, along with representatives of the organisation INQUEST, which examines deaths in custody, met Jack Straw, the Home Secretary, to press their case. They didn’t go into her house, truss her up and kill her. In September 1990, she married Joseph Gardner. Joy Gardner was born Joy Burke in Long Bay Beach, Jamaica, in May 1953. Joy was eventually laid to rest at Lavender Hill cemetery on 17th December 1993. Tim brought joy to many over the course of his career and worked alongside the likes of John Cleese, as well as his The … He took responsibility for applying the gag, but was adamant it did not obstruct Joy’s airways – something Evans backed up. That was the principle of our Christian family. At least 13 died before the Home Office acknowledged their mistake. Accompanying them was also an official from the Home Office with the deportation order which allowed them to seize an unknowing Joy and her young son and put them on a plane to Jamaica from Heathrow Airport at 3pm that afternoon. Is the boom in communal living really the good life? Anthony Bryan has still only received part of the compensation he is entitled to. “It is too sad to go back deep inside,” his grandmother told me. The docu-drama, Sitting in Limbo, highlighted how appallingly the Home Office still handles deportation to this day, and gave the shocking statistics on the Windrush scandal alone between 2012 and 2017: On 9th June 2020, Boris Johnson released a video about the Black Lives Matter protests and demonstrations sweeping across the country (and world) at this time. KEITH VAZ, THE PROLIFIC CAMPAIGNER- Local Newspaper Articles, KEITH VAZ AND THE SORDID ELEMENT OF LEICESTER, RICHMOND: LOUIS MINSTER – Richmond Social Services, 1975-1984, THE SOHO CONNECTIONS: A-Z of Clubs, Pubs & other, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Liz Davies – Islington Survivors Network, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Child Protection Expert speaks to UK Column, A WHISTLEBLOWER SPEAKS: Establishment Paedophiles: Operation Clarence, OPERATIONS TRAWLER & MIDDLETON: Blair Ministers & Lambeth Care Home Scandal. In 1961, Myrna travelled from her home in Jamaica to settle in London as a British citizen in order to provide a better life for herself and her children. It was his therapist who had to tell him that she would never be coming back.”. It’s also a prime example of how elitism is allowed to go unquestioned and how a narrative is drip-fed into the public consciousness via the media. Dr. Harris, a Forensic Scientist at Huntingdon Laboratories, had examined the 13 feet of adhesive tape used to gag Joy. As a direct result of Joy’s death, in August 1993 the use of mouth gags were suspended by Sir Paul Condon, and were eventually banned altogether by then Home Office minister, Michael Howard, in January 1994. One of the officers, DS Chris Newman, was eventually cleared of neglect-of-duty charges in connection with his supervision of the three police officers who attempted to arrest Joy Gardner. According to announcements in The Gazette, ASC was wound up not long afterwards. Just as Joy was silenced, the close relationship between government, police and press has always managed to keep a lid on the worst outrages and encourage a narrative. . Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. Joy came to the United Kingdom in 1987 to be reunited with her mother, as well as her half-brother, three uncles and two aunts who were also living in England at the time. In the case of … This sort of ignorant gas-lighting was the touch-paper as anger began to mount in predominantly black areas of London. Lewi Jimi Nirigi. On 10th August 1993, The Evening Standard published the version of events of the three ADG officers involved. The CPS, who were normally instructed by the police, were charging the police, and all those problems that arise when you’ve got people who are usually on the same side suddenly pitted against each other, that leads to all sorts of allegations and rumours about documents going missing, somebody getting the sack, somebody not getting the sack who should have got the sack, shredders working late into the night, and we don’t know what’s happened with Joy Gardner’s case and until there is an inquiry, and until every document and every piece of evidence is disclosed, we won’t ever know. It’s just one of many but highlights a lack of accountability that runs right to the very top and has been allowed to continue for decades. Although her mother had officially become a UK citizen, the breakdown of her marriage coupled with a change in the Immigration Act, 1981 meant that Joy had effectively lost her rights to be in the UK. One car contained three officers from Scotland Yard’s SO1 (3) Unit (the Aliens Deportation Group – ADG), and the other car contained two officers from the local Hornsey station. Even though Graeme had been born in Britain, they decided to deport her. Her new husband wrote to the Home Office and requested that they allow her to remain in the country due to the marriage. Joy was pregnant and her son, Graeme, was born later that year. One car contained three officers from Scotland Yard’s SO1(3) Unit (the Aliens Deportation Group – ADG), and the other car contained two officers from the local Hornsey station. The defence line was that Joy was ‘very, very strong’ and her death was caused by head trauma sustained as she violently resisted the officers and not as a direct result of the tape used to gag her. why? Alexei Navalny: What happened when he returned to Russia? The trial began on 15th May 1995. It will come as no surprise that it wasn’t just the police doing the dirty work of the Home Office. ADG were considered a “law unto themselves”. Myrna was confused at what on earth had happened to her daughter but all thoughts suddenly left her head when she was told by a doctor that Joy’s brain was swollen and her prognosis was very poor and there was no hope of Joy surviving. NOTE: Verified via email - Check your SPAM in case it ends up there in error! Alicia Kataraina Werahiko. The crowd were angry and Bernie Grant pleaded for people to remain calm and dignified. 4WardEverUK Case Profile for Joy Gardner Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. The immigration service denied that Elizabeth was gagged. No matter how far we’ve come as a society, there has always been an undercurrent of accepted racism – from Enoch Powell‘s ‘River of Blood’ speech, to Amber Rudd and her ‘low-hanging fruit’ targets during the height of the Windrush scandal… it has been in plain sight yet met with apathy and acceptance. On 28 July 1993 three officers from Britain’s Aliens Deportation Group (ADG) arrived at the north London flat of Joy Gardner to deport her. She died whilst in the West Indian Centre at Wood Green in north London sat impassively at the front, while the death of Joy Gardner her daughter was discussed and condemned … Initial attempts to revive Joy were unsuccessful and at, The attending ADG officers from SO1(3) had been suspended, the ADG unit – headed by. I hate him because he is a cunt. This week, with impeccable timing, the BBC aired a brilliant biographical drama called Sitting in Limbo, which told the story of Anthony Bryan’s fight against unjust forced deportation. 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