Robert Lowell Lowell's political passion encompasses much of his greatest poetry. (With Jacques Barzun) Jean Baptiste Racine and Pierre Beaumarchais. My mind’s not right. Robert Traill Spence Lowell III and Charlotte Winslow in Boston, Massachusetts. He continued the friendship he had earlier begun with the poet William Carlos Williams, who as an innovator in language and forms began to have an important influence on his work. Elizabeth Hardwick, Robert Hass, and others discuss his development and style as illustrated by "Lord Weary's Castle" and "Life Studies." The Mills of the Kavanaughs (1951), the book that followed Lord Weary’s Castle, was less successful. The phrase “confessional poetry” burst into common usage in September of 1959, when the critic M.L. This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:32. During this period, Lowell continued to suffer attacks of mania and depression, and for a while found it difficult to write. Robert Lowell (1917–1977) was the renowned and controversial author of many books of poetry, including Day by Day (FSG, 1977), For the Union Dead (FSG, 1964), and Life Studies (FSG, 1959). And it is his subtle achievement not only to have evoked this past, but also to have superimposed the present upon it, so that the plays manage to look forward and backward at the same time.” All the plays incorporate some aspect of conflict between individuals and authority and thus look back to Lowell’s earlier poetry, as well as outward to the political turmoil of the 1960s. Travisano, Thomas and Saskia Hamilton, eds. Of For the Union Dead, Lowell said in After Reading Six or Seven Essays on Me that “free verse subjects seemed to melt away, and I found myself back in strict meter, yet tried to avoid the symbols and heroics of my first books.” In his next collection, Near the Ocean, he wrote a long sequence in eight-line four-foot couplet stanzas, a form he borrowed from the 17th-century English poet Andrew Marvell; “God knows why, except that it seemed fit to handle national events,” Lowell remarked in the same essay. Lowell was perhaps the most important voice in American poetry to emerge after World War II.His early work, such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning Lord Weary's Castle (1946) is rich in Catholic symbolism. Robert Lowell, in London in 1967. Troy Jollimore talks about Robert Lowell's "Skunk Hour.". In an essay appearing in Next-to-Last Things: New Poems and Essays, Stanley Kunitz has called Life Studies, which won the 1960 National Book Award, “perhaps the most influential book of modern verse since [T.S. Brooks, Cleanth, and Robert Penn Warren, editors. Lowell and Hardwick lived primarily in Boston during this time; the poet taught for several years at Boston University, and their daughter Harriet was born in 1957. Tate ... had three guests and her own family, and was doing the cooking and writing a novel. Cevilla ... a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Lowell Styles (12 Oct 1952–31 Mar 1956), Find a Grave Memorial no. In 1960, Lowell moved to New York, where he was to live for the next 10 years; beginning in 1963 he commuted on a more or less regular basis to Harvard, where he taught intermittently until his death in 1977. Robert Lowell : biography March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977 During the mid- to late 1960s, Lowell actively opposed the Vietnam War. Max Liu. He chats with Danez and Franny about the mechanics and ethos of... His minor masterpieces, first featured in Poetry magazine. I think I suggested that maybe I’d stay with them. This style of writing emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and is associated with poets such as Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, and W. D. Snodgrass.Lowell's book Life Studies was a highly personal account of his life and familial ties and had a significant impact on American poetry. In the New Yorker, Dan Chiasson noted of their correspondence, “What makes these letters so fascinating is their hawk’s eye on immortality, even in the midst of lives lived fully, often sloppily. He was appointed the sixth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress where he served from 1947 until 1948. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Robert Lowell was born in Boston on March 1, 1917 to a Massachusetts family well positioned in New England society and already rich in literary tradition, including two prominent authors among his ancestors—Amy Lowell and James Russell Lowell. “What I have added are mostly Indians,” Lowell said, only partly in jest, in his note on the revised edition. The subject is the author’s third marriage, the son it produced, and the response to these matters by his previous wife of 20 years. His first American ancestor, Perceval Lowell … I did all kinds of tricks with meter and the avoidance of meter. David Lehman in Washington Post Book World notes that Lowell “transformed himself into a superb critic by learning to lodge his trust in his immediate and subjective responses [to literature].” In other words, the personal style that characterized Lowell’s poetry also proved successful in his approach to criticism. Besides his books of poetry, Lowell continued in the late 1960s to write for the theater. The groundbreaking and highly influential mid-century master. The Lowells were a Boston Brahmin family that included poets Amy Lowell and James Russell Lowell; clergymen Charles Russell Lowell Sr. and Robert Traill Spence Lowell; Civil War general and war hero Charles Russell Lowell III (about whom Lowell wrote his poem "Charles Russell Lowell: 1835-1864"); and the Federal Judge John Lowell. View Transcript. His patrician profile and the details of his personal life were familiar to any educated American. Lowell was one of the twentieth century's most significant poets. Staples says that in these poems “the conflicts ... remain unresolved, and the theme of rebellion remains dominant.” Randall Jarrell declares in an essay collected in Poetry and the Age that these poems “understand the world as a sort of conflict of opposites. Robert Lowell; Edited by Saskia Hamilton. “Before 1955,” argues Raban, “[Lowell’s] prose was formal, high-toned and on its guard. He returned as well for a last look at many of the situations and people whom he had incorporated into his earlier poetry. What is it all about?”, Lowell’s literary criticism and autobiographical prose pieces, posthumously collected in Collected Prose, received generally positive reviews for the author’s authoritative, lucid style. This style of writing emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and is associated with poets such as Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, and W. D. Snodgrass.Lowell's book Life Studies was a highly personal account of his life and familial ties and had a significant impact on American poetry. Thus he returned to his beginnings in his life as well as in his poetry. "Robert Lowell" (recording), http://www.poetryfoundation.org/article/245178, https://www.forbes.com/sites/dadehayes/2014/09/29/review-scorsese-hits-the-books-with-hbos-the-50-year-argument/, "Epilogue" by Robert Lowell at the Poetry Foundation, Articles on Lowell at Modern American Poetry, University of Illinois, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Lowell&oldid=997259312, National Book Critics Circle Award-winning works, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Robert Lowell, Jr., American poet noted for his complex, autobiographical poetry. Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal or "I." Le cimetière de Lowell est un cimetière situé à Lowell, au Massachusetts.Créé en 1841 et situé sur les rives de la rivière Concord, le cimetière est l'un des plus vieux cimetières paysagers des États-Unis, inspiré par le cimetière de Mount Auburn à Cambridge, au Massachusetts.Beaucoup de riches industriels de Lowell y sont enterrés, sous des pierres tombales de style victorien. Robert Traill Spence Lowell Jr. was born in Boston on March 1, 1917. The Old Glory consists of three plays: Endecott and the Red Cross and My Kinsman, Major Molineux, both adapted from short stories by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Benito Cereno, adapted from a novella by Herman Melville. James Russell Lowell was his great-granduncle, and Amy, Percival, and A. Lawrence Lowell were distant cousins. His family, past and present, were important subjects in his poetry. Robert Lowell was born in 1917, the son of the famous Lowells of Boston, a family that already boasted two poets, James Russell Lowell and Amy Lowell.He followed family tradition by enrolling at Harvard, but after two years – and upon the advice of his psychiatrist – transferred to Kenyon College. Poets James Russell Lowell and Amy Lowell were among his ancestors. Although they are married, they ‘do not even know each other’. Robert Lowell’s former students look back on their poetry classes with an American master. By the time of its publication, Lowell had been divorced from Stafford, had left the Roman Catholic church, had suffered the first serious attack of the manic-depressive illness that was to plague him throughout his life, and had married the writer Elizabeth Hardwick. Robert Lowell (1917–1977) was the renowned and controversial author of many books of poetry, including Day by Day (FSG, 1977), For the Union Dead (FSG, 1964), and Life Studies (FSG, 1959). Before the transformation occurred, most of Heaney’s poems were derivative. Meanwhile he also produced a volume of translations he called “imitations” and wrote or translated several plays. Hosted by Al Filreis and featuring Rafael Campo, Elisa New, and Christina Davis. Lowell was born in Boston to a collateral branch of a family with a long history of artistic and … And during all this time, Lowell was working on the poems that would be published in Land of Unlikeness (1944) and Lord Weary’s Castle (1946). He was born into a Boston Brahmin family that could trace its origins back to the Mayflower. Poet Robert Lowell’s turbulent journey in life is echoed in the more personal of his poetry. M. L. Rosenthal ‘first applied the term confession to Robert Lowell’s work’ (1). Lowell went south to the Tennessee home of poet Allen Tate, who proved to be an important influence on the young writer; in a 1961 Paris Review interview with Frederick Seidel, Lowell gave this account of his arrival at the Tate home: “Mrs. With the publication of The Old Glory (1965) and For the Union Dead (1964), Lowell returned to a consideration of the individual’s relation to history, both in its personal and in its public dimensions. … Beginning to write at the tail-end of the modernist period, he at first brought poetry to new heights of verbal and intellectual complexity. For Lizzie and Harriet is a slender volume reprinting Notebook sonnets that deal with Lowell’s personal life, while History, as its title suggests, is more ambitious in scope. As Lowell tells his love story, he simultaneously meditates upon his consciousness, which through invention and intense perception becomes imagination, which in turn through inspired craft becomes art. On March 1, 1917, Robert Lowell was born into one of Boston's oldest and most prominent families. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal or "I." Born into a prominent New England family, Lowell was a manic depressive who swung between bouts of mania and depression, spending much of his adult life in mental institutions. Among his best-known works is Death of a Naturalist (1966), his first major published … Once one clarifies the influences, objectives, and technical tendencies associated with his free verse, it becomes clear his dark poetry illustrates that “the most intimate parts of life — childhood misery, Oedipal longings, marital discord, mental illness — could be made the subjects for great poetry. Even before Robert Lowell published "Life Studies," his masterpiece, in 1959, he was widely regarded as the best American poet of his generation. Lowell was born to United States Navy Cmdr. Among the three volumes of poetry published by Lowell in 1973, two are made up primarily of poems from Notebook. He continues to juxtapose personal and public history, however, and jumbles together in the volume and in individual poems his friends, his family, historical figures, writers, artists, and characters from literature and myth. Born into a prominent New England family, Lowell was a manic depressive who swung between bouts of mania and depression, spending much of his adult life in mental institutions. LRB 11 September 2003", "The achievement of Robert Lowell by Richard Tillinghast". In his ‘jagged’ yet unified poem Lowell sought to create nothing less than an epic of his own consciousness.”, In his “Afterthought” to Notebook 1967–1968, the first version of this epic, Lowell explained that “the poems in this book are written as one poem.” The plot, he said, “rolls with the seasons”: “The time is a summer, an autumn, a winter, a spring, another summer; here the poem ends, except for turned-back bits of fall and winter 1968. At the end of his life he left England and Caroline Blackwood and returned to the United States and Elizabeth Hardwick. The poet's forty-year friendship with illustrator Frank Parker reveals his gentler side. American poet Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV was born in Boston on March 1, 1917, to Robert Traill Spence Lowell III and Charlotte Winslow Lowell, a relation of writers James Russell Lowell and Amy Lowell. The young Lowell felt acutely the strains of his childhood, and both his immediate family and his Puritan forebears would figure largely in his poetry. This article argues that Robert Lowell’s employment of techniques of poetic "imitation" - a liberal form of translation - during the composition of the Life Studies poems allows him to simultaneously stage and to conceal his reliance upon foreign poetic sources. ... Lowell found a style in which he could write, not just about Cousin Harriet and Uncle Devereux but about that spacious mental world where the living share their quarters with the vivid dead.”. ... Then the dam bursts. Staples in Robert Lowell: The First Twenty Years, the poet “appears so horrified by the spectacle of contemporary chaos that he can scarcely bring himself to comment on it in realistic terms. But these sonnets are full of personal history as well, and this history is equally bleak. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. Cut off from the sight of God, modern man wanders about in his Land of Unlikeness, driven by greed and cruelty.” But, as Mazzaro shows, some images of salvation also operate in these poems, images usually based on the figure of Mary or related in some other way to Roman Catholic beliefs. Robert Lowell's poetic style has been marked by a peculiar force, one that might well have been called violence but for its learning, bookishness, and nostalgia for traditional order. Lowell himself reads from his work. McClatchy observes in the American Poetry Review, the poems are like a series of snapshots—quick glimpses of past and present moments. Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell grew up in Boston, Massachusetts. On closely reading their collected letters, a poet and critic uncovers a new way to read their mythologized friendship. James Russell Lowell was his great-granduncle, and Amy, Percival, and A. Lawrence Lowell were distant cousins. “For six years I wrote unrhymed blank verse sonnets,” he recalled in his Salmagundi essay. But the volume is not simply a collection of poems about family turmoil; Axelrod finds a second subject of The Dolphin to be “the process of the poem itself. For the Union Dead is a book of poems by Robert Lowell that was published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in 1964. Robert Lowell's biography and life story. In drawing up such a genealogical tree, Lowell ... implies that he has found his essential identity not in a social class or in a religious communion but in his character as a writer.”. Axelrod suggests that in the next volume of sonnets, Notebook (1970), which consists largely of revised and rearranged versions of the poems in Notebook 1967–1968, “the theme of Lowell’s increasingly troubled domestic life” comes to the fore, while the political emphasis is somewhat muted. The essence of Lowell’s style is built upon the tension between his casual, ruminative, almost impersonal tone and the bedrock of his entrancing declarations , as in “Skunk Hour”: One dark night, my Tudor Ford climbed the hill’s skull; I watched for love-cars. I stayed two months in my tent and ate with the Tates.”. Sa poétique est d'écrire des poèmes sur le passé militaire de sa famille, ses sentiments en tant qu'enfant, son grand- père mais aussi sa femme et ses enfant. Writers like Lowell and Bishop are more human, sincere, candid—more genuine—the more ambitious they are.” Collected and published in 2008 as Words in Air, the book is a vital record of poetic friendship and shows how much Lowell admired—and was indebted to—Bishop. Consequently, Lowell must necessarily leave more questions of value, of cause and responsibility, of fundamental ‘human nature’ open to poetic inquiry than did his nearest predecessors. Epilogue. Yet in prose I had already found what I wanted, the conventional style of autobiography and reminiscence. After the flurry of sonnets that culminated in the publication of the three 1973 volumes, collections of Lowell’s poems appeared in England (Robert Lowell’s Poems: A Selection, 1974) and in the United States (Selected Poems, 1976). It is redeemed neither by ... faith that an adequate, if authoritarian, utopia may have existed in the past, nor by a revolutionary’s faith that one can be abstractly yet accurately designed for the future. http://www.pnreview.co.uk/cgi-bin/scribe?item_id=6169, "The Passions of Robert Lowell" June 26, 2005, They Might Be Giants. And it is supremely a poem about love, love that makes freedom meaningful, love that allows for human growth. London, Michael, and Robert Boyars, editors. Lowell’s move to England was in part a result of continuing personal and domestic turmoil; in 1972 he divorced Elizabeth Hardwick and married British writer Caroline Blackwood, with whom he had a son, Robert Sheridan Lowell. But it is this very appalling fundamentalness of Lowell’s questions, combined with his honesty about historical terror, that make him a modern epic poet.”, Lowell was an epic poet as well in the scope and greatness of his poetry. Instead, he expands upon two of the minor themes of the preceding volumes, making them central to his new conception”—the theme of death and the theme of art. He is our truest historian.”. Dillard, R. H. W., George Garrett, and John Rees Moore, editors. 1 Response to “Dolphin” by Robert Lowell. So I wrote my autobiographical poetry in a style I thought I had discovered in [French novelist Gustave] Flaubert, one that used images and ironic or amusing particulars. It was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1974. But while he was a student at Harvard in 1937, he had a fight with his father and left home, a rebellion that had serious consequences for his life and his poetry. Robert Lowell, Jr., American poet noted for his complex, autobiographical poetry. In addition to being the descendant of poets, Lowell encountered and was taught by numerous prominent poets during his classicist education. A daughter considers her father’s lifelong friendship with the poet he once called "the most unlovable man ever.". The poems are unrhymed sonnets, and in subject Robert Lowell (1917 – 1977) “If we see light at the end of the tunnel, it’s the light of the oncoming train.” Robert Lowell. And this young man arrived, quite ardent and eccentric. Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell grew up in Boston, Massachusetts. Many of the poems in Land of Unlikeness appear as well in Lowell’s second volume, Lord Weary’s Castle, and the two books address the same concerns. Understanding the reasoning behind Robert Lowell’s distinctive style is essential in appreciating and interpreting him as a writer. I hear the noise of my own voice: The painter’s vision is not a lens, it trembles to caress the light. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Robert Lowell study guide. Rosenthal coined it in his review of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies in the Nation.The book, which contained poems that unsparingly detailed Lowell’s experiences of marital strife, generational struggle, and mental illness, marked a dramatic turn in his career. His mid- and late-career writing moved American poetry toward an aesthetics of postmodernism. ‘The Elusive Neutron’: Stephen Jonas & Robert Lowell, From the Archive: "A Miscellany of Translation", Jonathan Edwards in Western Massachusetts, My Last Afternoon with Uncle Devereux Winslow, Mind’s Not Right: A Discussion of Robert Lowell's "Skunk Hour", "There's Something Haunting and Nihilistic About Your Hairdresser". In this struggle one opposite is that cake of custom in which all of us lie embedded. Into this realm of necessity the poems push everything that is closed, turned inward, incestuous, that blinds or binds: the Old Law, imperialism, militarism, capitalism, Calvinism, Authority, the Father, the ‘proper Bostonians,’ the rich who will ‘do everything for the poor except get off their backs.’ But struggling within this like leaven, falling to it like light, is everything that is free or open, that grows or is willing to change: … this is the realm of freedom, of the Grace that has replaced the Law, of the perfect liberator whom the poet calls Christ.”. Noted for his breath-taking changes of style and theme, he set the standard for poetry at mid-century. I had a chance such as I had never had before, or probably will again, to snatch up and verse the marvelous varieties of the moment.” Lowell’s plan, says Steven Gould Axelrod in Robert Lowell: Life and Art, was “to achieve the balance of freedom and order, discontinuity and continuity, that he observed in [Wallace] Stevens’s late long poems and in John Berryman’s Dream Songs, then nearing completion. In a note prefacing his Selected Poems, Lowell remarked that “my verse autobiography sometimes fictionalizes plot and particular”; by labeling his poems “verse autobiography,” he called attention to the inseparable relation between his life and his art. He studied at Harvard University and Kenyon College. The struggle for social justice remembered through poetry. Robert Lowell was born in Boston in 1917. He was born into a home dominated by the incessant tension between his ineffectual father and his imperious mother. Search continues for suspect in murder of Lowell woman shot 'execution-style,' Marshals Service says From the ICYMI: Here are the most-read stories from the past week series March 7, 2016. The essence of Lowell’s style is built upon the tension between his casual, ruminative, almost impersonal tone and the bedrock of his entrancing declarations ... profits of the accidents of process, poems that strike us as Robert Lowell’s, as permanent. By Ernest Hilbert Lowell before the Notebook Poems When Robert Lowell began writing the poems that would appear in the unusual and still controversial volume Notebook 1967-1968, he was generally celebrated as America’s most famous living poet. He took graduate courses at Louisiana State University where he studied with Robert Penn Warren and Cleanth Brooks. Robert Styles 1946 – 2004. He is best known for his volume Life Studies (1959), but his true greatness as an American poet lies in the astonishing variety of his work. The Tates were too polite to tell me that what they’d said had been just a figure of speech. Click here for transcript. Robert "Bob" Lowell Young September 4, 1948 - December 31, 2020 Robert "Bob" Lowell Young, age 72, of Whiteville, N.C., passed away peacefully at home with family on Thursday, December 31, 2020. But Life Studies, very different from both his own earlier work and most of the verse being written in English by anyone else, had an enormous influence on the future of poetry in the United States. She worked in publishing after studying English at Barnard College. Sarah Ruhl discusses her play "Dear Elizabeth," based on letters and poems of two iconic American poets. After his death from congestive heart failure, his funeral was held at the Episcopal Church of the Advent on Brimmer Street, in Boston, near where he had lived and gone to school as a child; he was buried in the cemetery where generations of his family had been buried. He is best known for his volume Life Studies (1959), but his true greatness as an American poet lies in the astonishing variety of his work. When the poet Robert Lowell published The Dolphin in 1973, it caused a scandal. Poets lend voices to current events and elections as they critique and defend the social and political issues of their day. Contributor to periodicals, including Kenyon Review, New Republic, New World Writing, New York Review of Books, Observer, Partisan Review, Salmagundi, and Sewanee Review. Isabella Alimonti is an editor and writer. To plant trees in memory, please visit our Sympathy Store . Poets as different as Gerard Manley Hopkins, D.H. Lawrence, Robert Frost, Patrick Kavanagh, and Dylan Thomas contributed to the making of Seamus Heaney’s early style, but Robert Lowell was the catalyst transforming those influences into something distinct. He received the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature. He received a Pulitzer Prize in 1947 at the age of 30, for his second book, Lord Weary’s Castle. The Dolphin, book of confessional poetry by Robert Lowell, published in 1973. In Robert Lowell: An Introduction to the Poetry, Mark Rudman observes that this book “charts a year, from summer to summer. Why Merwin’s The Lice is needed now more than ever. Search continues for suspect in murder of Lowell woman shot 'execution-style,' Marshals Service says From the ICYMI: Here are the most-read stories from the past week series Robert Lowell was born in Boston, Massachusetts on March 1, 1917 into one of the city's oldest and most prominent families. Although he turned away from his Puritan heritage—largely because he was The British had been favorably disposed to Lowell’s poetry from the beginning; indeed, the British publisher Faber & Faber brought out editions of Lowell’s poetry throughout his career, and in 1962 had published Staples’s Robert Lowell, the first important critical book on the poet. The double standards of the mad genius myth. The straightforward narrative is a chain of associated images. Lowell, Robert (1917–77) US poet. He protested against United States involvement in Vietnam, and in fact appears as a character in Norman Mailer’s The Armies of the Night, an account of the historic protest march on the Pentagon in 1967. This heritage no doubt made his own father's limitations—he was a business failure after his … The title of Land of Unlikeness, as Jerome Mazzaro points out in The Poetic Themes of Robert Lowell, is taken from a quotation of Saint Bernard and refers to the human soul’s unlikeness to God and unlikeness to its own past self. Contributor to numerous anthologies. By Derek Guy. Composed in declamatory style, the topic and form bring Lowell back to his thematic and metrical beginnings. In this volume, according to Hugh B. Like Robert Lowell’s poems about marital breakdown, which arguably influenced Sexton, Sexton also wrote a poem called ‘Man and Wife’. His opening himself to her represents his opening to the world outside himself; his physical and spiritual union with her represents his union with his world. Lights turned down, they lay together, hull to hull, where the graveyard shelves on the town…. In his review in the Observer, Jonathan Raban locates Lowell’s development of a prose style distinctly his own in 1955 following the death of Lowell’s mother and an attack of mania. He is best known for his later, more intimate ‘confessional’ style, best represented by the autobiographical Life Studies (1959). In response to American air raids in Vietnam in 1965, Lowell rejected an invitation to the White House Festival of the Arts from President Lyndon Johnson in … Other family members and associates include Lowell Styles, Lucille Styles, Erica Styles, Christopher Styles and Robert Styles… Although he turned away from his Puritan heritage—largely because he was Stein, Jean, and George Plimpton, editors. I didn’t have to bang words into rhyme and count.”. Touring the history of poetry in the YouTube age. (Author of introductions with Kenneth Rexroth) Ford Madox Ford. Sarah Ruhl on her latest play Dear Elizabeth, and why the Bishop-Lowell correspondence is so compelling and what poetry can accomplish that theater cannot. It was Lowell's sixth book. He studied at Harvard University and Kenyon College. Composed in declamatory style, the topic and form bring Lowell back to his thematic and metrical beginnings. I always heard about robert lowell being a big influence on some of my favorite poets including anne sexton, sylvia plath, and Elizabeth bishop. Though the two rarely met, they exchanged hundreds of letters in which they gossip, flirt, offer telling readings on the work of each other, and candidly discuss their own poetic ambitions. Lowell crammed much activity into the next few years. The plot, such as it is, revolves around the breakup with his wife, Elizabeth Hardwick, and his relationship with Caroline Blackwood.” Calling the volume “half memoir” and “half fiction,” Axelrod says that “it is a book of changes, not only of ‘changing marriages’ but of changing minds (Lowell’s, Caroline’s, Lizzie’s) and changing lives.

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